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CiNing palace is the palace buildings at the earliest

Date: 2015-04-12

Meet opened the 90th anniversary of the national Palace Museum in the west of the CiNing palace area and its underground archaeological sites will "appearance" to the public for the first time. Spectators will walk CiNing garden, standing on the wooden footway, lowers the head remains visible in the Ming dynasty. Is one of the earliest buildings, this might be the imperial palace in the yongle built the Forbidden City during the period of the structure.
At present, Beijing the imperial palace of the Ming and qing dynasties buildings has been shortlisted for the "2014 national top ten archaeological discoveries of the year", the result will be announced today.
The archaeology in CiNing garden on the east side 4 meters underground, discovered the Ming palace site foundation, from 15 of alternating with rubble and cast the rammed earth. "We found the jiajing of the Ming dynasty in the ground and a half meters of soil layer, and the palace should be built before Ming jiajing or earlier." The national Palace Museum director ChanJi cheung is introduced.
Imperial palace ancient QiWuBu researcher guang-yao wang introduces, this group of foundation on the building should be in Ming, according to the literature, the earliest record of CiNing palace began in the fifteenth year of jiajing, no record before. "So we infer that this group of buildings may be the earliest in the imperial palace, yongle built the Forbidden City during the period of the structure."
From June 2014 to November, the national Palace Museum archaeological research institute in the heat, electricity and fire and other infrastructure projects, the state administration of cultural heritage for approval, the south of the imperial palace outside the three power capacity of pipeline engineering construction site, south after fire control pipe encountered engineering, CiNing garden thermal power line reconstruction project sites such as 3 found the ruins of ancient building construction area search and archaeological excavations, each place has a new watch.
Revelation 1 drains can still use hundreds of years
Location: southeast of the south three power capacity of pipeline power well site
Here, in the process of excavation archaeological experts found aproll of Ming dynasty and package by walls of overlying soil lining brick stone. Ancient buildings, the aproll to protect wall base is not affected by rain, using the ground around the exterior slope, used for drainage. Soil lining stone next to the wall, is to protect the wall. The archaeological discovery, soil lining stone is about 0.9 meters deep underground, that is to say the ground of the palace, now than the period of Ming dynasty "grow" 90 cm.
Within the walls, archaeological also found that drains in Ming dynasty. Drain parallel to the wall, about 3 meters apart, is built with bricks, roof slab, 0.6 meters wide, 1.2 meters deep. These relics show that the palace buildings was built, the building from the ground to the underground drainage has unified planning layout.
Experts explain, this is also the reason of why the palace every rain without water, ancient waterway distribution, although there is no house but the drains for hundreds of years has been playing the role of the imperial palace.
Reveal 2 "south three" from kangxi when building
Location: southeast of the south three power capacity of pipeline power well site
In the construction site, the palace archaeological finds a Ming dynasty and rammed earth wall, ground, drainage and s is earlier than the existing south three buildings. According to historical records south three location for prince home all the time.
Imperial palace archaeological institute expert introduction, from the point of stratigraphic relations, qianlong period of rebuilding south three buildings, is planning to dismantle the early construction, built up after unified level off the ground. According to literature, pattern data records, the region in the kangxi was axisymmetric, middle road, the layout of the main way. Qianlong period into three courtyards, each SanJin, before and after all is the same shape.
Experts speculate that the qianlong period of reconstruction, show the changes on the status of different dynasties prince. According to historical records, emperor kangxi in the early and middle public title-conferring crown, ChuQuan. South three original layout is stored authority strict performance. Then each dynasty emperor dark crown, ChuQuan doesn't exist.
Revelation 3 imperial kiln chinaware concentrated burial pit excavated
Location: south after fire pipeline encountered engineering site
Archaeological finds a ceramics accumulation pit, pit excavated a lot from hongwu to guangxu period of the imperial kiln chinaware fragments. Also unearthed a large number of jade stone residual pieces, crystal materials, bone, clam and apparatus and residual kapala bowl.
Many kapala bowl wall cinnabar writing Sanskrit and Tibetan incantations. Kapala bowl is the multiplier of Tibetan Buddhism, the successful practice of the monks of skull, more commonly, in accordance with the monk living wills, removed from the body.
Experts said, the discovery of kapala bowl, add the record file for kapala bowl broken post-processing method. From the unearthed, they with jade crystal tridacna and various texture of residual, originally should be a heap in the warehouse, processing as a group gradually. Processing method, that is, in situ digging pit to bury in the area of the warehouse. Combined with past scattered as you can see, in the palace have dug a pit to bury the way, out of the palace was dealing with all kinds of waste in order to avoid loss of one of the main methods. (source: Beijing news reporter: Chen yao)